What is Solar Energy?

Solar panel’s capture the sun’s light and converts it into electricity, that process is called “photovoltaic,’’ or ‘’PV’’. Solar energy that is produced from sun, is clean and renewable source of energy that is harnessed by solar collection methods such as solar cells convert sun light into useable energy such as electricity. It can be used to power homes, businesses, industries, cars, aircrafts, calculators, and other small appliances, along with many other diverse applications. How does a solar panel work? In short, light particles from the sun are captured by solar cells in a solar panel, where they are converted to electricity and that electricity can be added to energy grid for use. Solar panels can be wired together to make a solar arrangement. The more panels you have, the more electricity you’ll generate. Benefits of solar energy. Solar is clean and good for the Earth Solar energy is good for the economy because it is cheaper than other sources. Solar power is profitable Solar is good for business Solar power is sustainable Solar power for homes and businesses with rooftop solar installations can reduced electricity bills. Electricity generated can be exported back to the grid in exchange for payments or bill credits through various programs.

Solar Financing In Pakistan/Solar Energy system on instalment in Pakistan

State Bank of Pakistan has initiated Solar Financing Pakistan, through Solar Financing in Pakistan you can get Rs. 500000/- PKR to PKR Rs. 10 million PKR. Through Solar Financing in Pakistan, we can facilitate our customers to purchase solar energy systems in Pakistan on easy monthly installments. SBP has issued revised criteria for SBP renewable energy financing in Pakistan in 2016. Through Solar Financing scheme, we can encourage people who are belonging to the industrial, commercial, residential, and agricultural sector to invest in renewable energy sources.ScopeThis program shall allow more people to use renewable energy sources, which will help in attaining a free and uninterrupted supply of electricity. The excess energy which is produced shall be available to other people through Net Metering so it will impact the whole nation.Eligibility CriteriaThe eligibility criteria to qualify for this program have been very simple and easy to cope with the original objective of the program that is to encourage more people to use renewable energy by making it affordable. The eligibility criteria contain only these two requirements:Must hold a Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC)Must be the owner of the business, and the house where the solar panel system is to be installed.If you cannot afford the solar system by paying right away, you can still afford to switch to solar with the help of the bank. Now the Solar Financing Banks in Pakistan provide monetary assistance under Solar Financing Scheme in Pakistan.List of Solar Financing Banks in PakistanJS BANKBANK of PunjabBANK of KhyberHabib Bank LimitedMeezan BankJS BANKJS bank is a well-known bank and a supporter of Green Energy. When SBP launched the solar financing scheme, JS bank initiated two different programs to help people take control of their energy production needs and contribute to a safer environment.The programs offered by JS Bank are as follows:• JS Apna Ghar Solar Financing Program (residential program)• JS Smart Roshni Program (commercial program)Both programs launched by JS Bank have the following similar features:FinancingBetween Rs. 300,000 and Rs. 20 million, depending upon the size of the project.EquityMinimum 25% of the total amountMark-up rate6% annuallyFinancing tenorBetween 3 and 5 yearsProcessing feeMinimum PKR 5,000/- or 0.5% of the loan amount (whichever of the two is higher will be taken)InsuranceInsurance offered through reputable partners at a preferential ratePrerequisites to Get Financing:• An account at JS Bank either Current or Savings• Fulfillment & signing of the loan application form• Obtain a quotation for a solar panel system from an authorized dealer• Two recent passport size photographs• Processing Fee Deposit Slip• Copy of CNIC• CF-1 Undertaking Form to be fulfilled• JS Solar Panel Key Fact Sheet of the program you have applied for• Documents showing the ownership of the property along with recent utility bills• Bank statements of a business or individual account• Active tax payee with NTN number (especially for businesses)BANK of PunjabThe Bank of Punjab have started their financial assistance program in compliance with the State Bank of Pakistan solar financing program to help people switch to solar. For this purpose, they are giving financial assistance to people who want to get solar panel systems for their homes. They have named the program BOP Solar Home.Features of the ProgramFinancingUp to Rs. 5 million or 50 lacs.EquityMinimum 20% of the financing amountMark-up rate6% annuallyFinancing tenorUp to 7 yearsProcessing feePKR 5,000 for processingPrerequisites to Get Financing:• Attainment and fulfillment of loan application form• Two recent passport size photographs• Copy of CNIC• Proof of ownership of the property with utility bills• Bank statements of the past six months• Active tax payee with NTN number• Proof of employment or business for the last 03 years in the form of pay slips or any transactions made• Copy of professional degree if any• Details of any other loans taken from any other sourceBANK of KhyberBOK gives financing for domestic customers and is performing their role for a cleaner and greener Pakistan under SBP’s solar financing scheme. Solar Financing scheme from Peshawar a great initiative by the bank of Khyber, and after its success, they expanded the program to provide solar financing at all their branches in Pakistan. The bank offers the program under the name “BOK Roshan Ghar Scheme”.Features of the ProgramFinancingFrom 50,000 to 20 million based on the category of the program under the SBP scheme.EquityMinimum 25% of the total financing amountMark-up rate6% per annumFinancing tenorStarting from 6 months up to 5 yearsProcessing feePKR 5,000 and FEDInsuranceThe bank offers insurance from Askari General Insurance Peshawar (0.3%+taxes)Prerequisites to Get Financing:• Fulfillment of financing application• Two recent passport size photographs• Copy of CNIC• Ownership of property document and the most recent utility bills• Bank statements of the past six months of the personal and business account• Active tax payee with NTN number• Proof of business or employment for the last 03 years• Copy of professional degree if anyHabib Bank LimitedHBL is the biggest bank with the vastest network of branches in Pakistan. The bank is providing financial assistance under the State Bank of Pakistan Solar Refinancing Scheme to address the rising energy crises in Pakistan. They are providing financing to mostly industrial clients in the following three categories, which are as follows:• Category-I: For industrial projects ranging from 1MW to 50 MW.• Category-II: For projects up to 1MW.• Category-III: For suppliers certified under the AEDB Certification Regulation 2018 that can install solar or wind projects on a lease basis or for selling of electricity to ultimate owners.Features of the ProgramFinancing• For category-I: PKR 06 billion for a single project.• For category-II: PKR 400 million for a single borrower.• For category-III: PKR 01 billion for a single supplier.EquityMinimum 25% of the total financing amountMark-up rateOnly 6% per yearFinancing tenorThe financing tenor is different for every category and is as following:• Category-I: Maximum 12 years (including 02 years grace period).• Category-II: Maximum of ten years (including 03 months grace period).• Category-III: Maximum of ten years.Prerequisites to Get Financing:• Fulfillment and signing of loan financing application• Two recent passport size photographs of the applier• Copy of CNIC• Ownership of Property documents along with the latest utility Bill & Electricity Bill• Bank statements of the past six months of a business or personal account• Active tax payee with NTN number• Details of any loans taken from all other sourcesPakistan has been facing energy crises as well as environmental degradation with the use of non-renewable resources. The price of electricity is increasing rapidly, and economic growth is declining. To counter these problems, SBP started the Solar Financing Pakistan so industries, and homeowners can invest in renewable energy with the help of an investment from banks. State Bank of Pakistan has initiated the Green Banking program to incorporate environmental contemplations in banking operations, services, and funding.Solar System on Installments in Lahore, Peshawar, and Allover PakistanWe encourage the people of Pakistan to install Solar systems on Installments in Pakistan because the benefits of going solar outweigh the monthly installments as you can have lifetime savings for a financing period of around 5-7 years.MEEZAN SOLARPower Your Home with Shariah-Compliant Solar Panel FinancingMeezan Solar offers financing of complete solar panel systems for your home. Lower your monthly electricity bill by up to 50%, by availing an interest-free solar financing solution. Meezan solar is based on State Bank of Pakistan’s Islamic Refinance Scheme and is ideal for homeowners for generating their own source of power. Through net metering, excess power generated by solar energy may also be sold back to the national electricity grid, resulting in a greener environment.Eligibility CriteriaSalaried Individual• Age of applicant: Minimum 20 years and maximum 60 years or upto the age of retirement at maturity• Age of co-applicant: Maximum 75 years• Nationality: Pakistani, adult, permanent resident, CNIC holder• Employment status: Must be permanent• Income: Minimum monthly gross salary PKR 100,000• Tax payee: Must be an active tax payee with NTN number• Job Tenure: Current employment for at least 2 continuous years• Credit checks: Bank will conduct bureau checks and will conduct verification of residence and office / business place• Income assessment: Through payslip, bank statement, appointment letter, employment letter and / or audited financial (in case applicant is a paid director)• References: Two references required• Financing for flats: Financing for flats / apartments is not available.• Account in Meezan Bank: Mandatory. If applicant currently does not have any account in Meezan Bank, it will be opened to offer financing.• Maximum Debt Burden Ratio (DBR):• 40% for new to industry or having a credit history less than 12 months• 45% for customers having established history of 12 months or moreSelf-employed Businessman• Age of applicant: Minimum 20 years and maximum 65 years at maturity of financing.• Age of co-applicant: Maximum 75 years• Nationality: Pakistani, adult, permanent resident, CNIC holder• Income: Minimum monthly gross income PKR 200,000• Tax payee: Must be an active tax payee with NTN number• Business Tenure: At least 2 years in same business• Credit checks: Bank will conduct bureau checks and will conduct verification of residence and office / business place• Income assessment: Through Bank statement, Audited Accounts, Tax returns. Etc• References: Two references required• Financing for flats: Financing for flats / apartments is not available.• Account in Meezan Bank: Mandatory. If applicant currently does not have any account in Meezan Bank, it will be opened to offer financing.• Maximum Debt Burden Ratio (DBR):• 40% for new to industry or having a credit history less than 12 months• 45% for customers having established history of 12 months or more.Pension* Income• Age of applicant: Maximum 70 years at maturity of financing.• Age of co-applicant: Maximum 75 years• Nationality: Pakistani, adult, permanent resident, CNIC holder• Employment status: Retired** pension holder• Income: Minimum monthly gross pension PKR 100,000• Tax payee: Must be an active tax payee with NTN number• Credit checks: Bank will conduct bureau checks and will conduct verification of residence and office / business place• Income assessment: Through pension book, bank statement, documents required from a salaried individual if applicant is still working and getting retired in financing period. Etc• References: Two references required• Financing for flats: Financing for flats / apartments is not available.• Account in Meezan Bank: Mandatory. If applicant currently does not have any account in Meezan Bank, it will be opened to offer financing.• Maximum Debt Burden Ratio (DBR):• 40% for new to industry or having a credit history less than 12 months• 45% for customers having established history of 12 months or more• Pension cases will be allowed only on one-off basis.• ** For an applicant who is currently on job and is getting retired within financing period, financing may be allowed for a tenure in which min 75% installments should be paid within employment period and 25% after retirement.

why is solar energy the way of the future?

The sun is an excellent source of energy because it is renewable and readily available. Solar cells, which convert light energy into electricity, are currently more inexpensive than in the past. Construction firms recognize the necessity of staying current with technological advancements, such as developing and implementing solar solutions for clients. Construction companies can use fewer fossil fuels by using renewable energy. As a result, if you run a construction firm, offering solar solutions has the potential to attract more households and commercial property owners, increasing your construction leads. Because of its adaptability, solar might be regarded the way of the future. For individuals who live in areas where there is no access to electricity, such as rural villages, solar panels can provide renewable energy with no effort. As a result of the economic downturn, more people are looking for methods to save money.

Reduced Electricity Costs:

A household solar energy system transforms solar energy into electricity, potentially eliminating monthly electric expenses.

Net Metering Programs:

A net metering scheme allows homeowners to earn credits by selling excess solar energy to their local utility provider. Households can now receive monthly electricity invoices with no fee or a negative balance. In addition, net metering eliminates the need to pay for battery storage when installing solar panels.

Alternative of Fossil Fuels

Coal, oil, and gas combustion can be extremely detrimental to the environment. Solar energy is a great alternative to fossil fuels like natural gas and coal since it generates pure, clean, and sustainable energy from the sun. It also helps to minimize global carbon emissions and greenhouse gas emissions. One of the advantages of solar energy is that it produces fewer toxins in the air. It reduces Sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, particulate matter emissions, and other toxic compounds that cause health problems—using solar power leads in less respiratory and cardiovascular disorders, such as bronchitis and asthma. Solar energy may be a diverse source of energy no matter where you are in the world, and it does have a bright future ahead of it with many promising benefits for humanity.

Do Solar Panels Produce Energy at Night?

The main drawback of solar energy is that the sun does not shine all the time. This used to be the biggest impediment to the broad adoption of solar energy. Solar power plants couldn't access the sun's energy on overcast days or at night, bringing operations to a halt anytime a cloud moved overhead. As a result, solar-generated electricity was unavailable at periods, such as at night when demand was highest. Solar panels' photovoltaic cells require sunshine to generate power. Solar panels provide two options for evening energy. Solar panels work tirelessly throughout the day to generate electricity from the sun. They also advocate solar energy systems that can be used at night. Through net metering and solar battery storage, you can continue to benefit from their energy production after sunset.

Under certain conditions, the researchers have developed a novel solar cell that can generate up to 50 watts of power per square meter at night. During the day, that's about a quarter of the output of a typical solar panel. The novel panel functions similarly to a standard solar cell, but in reverse. A thermoradiative cell, unlike a photovoltaic cell, generates energy by radiating heat to its surroundings, and emits infrared light when pointed at the night sky since it is warmer than outer space. The new device, nicknamed an anti-solar cell, collects this radiation and converts it to power in the same manner that a traditional solar cell does.

Net Metering Keeps You Connected

Net metering is possible when your solar panels are connected to the electric grid. Net metering functions similarly to a savings account where it is available. Excess electricity generated by your solar panels is fed into the grid. In exchange, the electric company reimburses you or credits your account. You can use those energy credits that you banked with the electric grid during the day at night. When your solar panels aren't producing energy at night, net metering kicks in. Electricity can flow both in and out of your home with this bidirectional connection. The grid connection ensures that electricity is delivered to your home regardless of solar panel production fluctuations. In this way, the grid acts as a collective solar energy storage system. Net metering is a time-saving method. Your net metering credits should, in theory, cover the cost of obtaining electricity from the grid. It is not, however, available everywhere.  

Solar Battery Storage Offers Energy Freedom

Battery storage is a second way that solar panels can power your home indirectly at night. Solar batteries perform the night shift to maximize the output of your solar panels during the day. Solar panels use the sun's energy to charge your battery. Your battery can run all night thanks to the solar energy it has saved. Rather than transferring excess electricity to the grid, keep it in your home. Before drawing from the grid, you'll utilize electricity from the solar battery storage. Solar battery storage gives you financial control and peace of mind over your energy costs. During outages, homeowners also enjoy battery backup power. Utility grids go down for a variety of reasons, including technological failures and natural disasters like wildfires. When your solar panels aren't working, battery storage allows you to use your own electricity. The best energy solution for backup electricity at night is solar battery storage. It's time to start producing your own energy. Your solar installation becomes a long-term energy storage solution with the addition of a battery.

Solar Inverter

With the rising interest in renewable energy sources around the world, the demand for solar systems has increased rapidly. The sun's capacity to power a whole home is both a big environmental benefit (think of all the electricity saved!) and a great use of a resource that we have several hours of each week. In a solar energy system, solar inverters, also known as PV inverters, play a significant role. They are commonly referred to as a project's brains. Alternating current (AC) electricity powers our modern equipment. Your solar panels, on the other hand, provide direct current (DC) electricity. You'll need an inverter to convert DC electricity to AC power in real time to use this solar energy in your house or business. The inverter on a solar panel is useful for converting direct current to alternative current. An inverter is one of the most important pieces of equipment in a solar energy system. It can monitor the system and provide a portal for communication with computer networks in addition to converting solar energy into AC electricity. Solar systems with battery storage rely on modern inverters to run without any grid backup in the case of outages.
1. Convert DC to AC power
An inverter's key role is to transform the direct current (DC) electricity generated by solar panels into alternating current (AC) power that may be used in homes and businesses or immediately put into the grid in case of net-metering projects.
2. Report on power production
Inverters make it possible for solar owners to keep track of the power output of their solar systems. Solar owners can view error codes, diagnostics and power production information from inverters on their computers or even on dedicated smartphones.
3. Ensure safe system operation
Because inverters are made up of so many electronic parts and perform numerous duties, you shall choose modern PV inverters which can automatically switch off in cases of solar energy system malfunction.

Net metering

Net metering is utility billing mechanism that allows solar energy system owners to exchange excess energy generated by their solar system to the national grid for credits which can then be converted to money or units from the grid. For example, when a home is net metered, and customer have PV system on their roof top which generate more electricity than their daytime usage extra electricity goes to the grid and can be used during the nighttime.  For net metering, a bi-directional power meter is interconnected with the hybrid or on-grid solar inverter. To inject and offset the extra energy into the national grid, this Solar energy system must be connected to a three-phase power connection, that’s why green meter or bi-directional meter come in three phase meter. In Pakistan through sunlight, we can generate more electricity from solar power than our needs because Pakistan is blessed with abundant sunlight. If we have installed solar power on our roof top without net metering the excessive electricity goes to waste. Net metering is not a new concept in Pakistan and can provide equal advantage at domestic and commercial level. When you generate excess amount of electricity than your needs you can sell out this excess energy and get credit or you can make money and pay your bills when the sun is not shining in winter or cloudy days. NEPRA has set a regulation for net metering in September 2015 for solar systems of up to 1MW of electricity generation.  First net metering was installed in parliament house on Feb 2016 on 1MW solar energy system. Net metering has got a positive response from business owners and it’s becoming very common. More than 268.69 megawatts of electricity have been sent to the national grid through 16066 net metering enabled solar system, said Alternate Energy Development Board.

Solar energy system and environmental pollution

Solar energy system and environmental pollution

The world's energy demand is rapidly increasing due to population growth and technological improvements. For future energy demand, it is consequently critical to choose a stable, cost-effective, and eternal renewable energy source. Solar energy, like other renewable energy sources, is a promising and readily available source of energy for addressing long-term difficulties in the energy crisis. Because of the growing need for energy, the solar industry is steadily growing all over the world, even though the main energy source, fossil fuel, is finite and other sources are expensive. It has become a tool for improving the economic position of developing countries and sustaining the lives of many poor people because it is now cost effective because of extensive research and development.

In contrast to other renewable energy sources, the solar sector would undoubtedly be the best alternative for future energy demand because it is superior in terms of availability, cost effectiveness, accessibility, capacity, and efficiency. When solar energy technologies and power plants are in use, they do not pollute the air or emit greenhouse gases. When solar energy replaces or eliminates the usage of other energy sources that have higher environmental impacts, it can have a positive, indirect influence on the environment. The effects of rising air pollution and its effects on our general weather can be felt no matter where you live in the country. A growing number of people are experiencing problems of pollution now a days. It's easy to feel overwhelmed when so many changes are taking place on our world, and the consequences are being felt in so many ways. Solar panels are a simple method for you and your family to contribute to environmental protection.

Positive effects of Solar on air and health

Ground-level ozone pollution, like most other health concerns, affects people of all ages. People of all ages can develop breathing and respiratory issues because of these contaminants. We can reduce emissions emitted into the air by reducing our reliance on fossil fuels by using solar panels. Solar energy benefits you in more ways than just lowering your energy bills. Solar technology, such as solar panels, allow you to contribute to the cause of less pollution on Earth when you purchase solar technology systems for your home or business. Solar power provides an immediate solution to the energy sustainability concerns that modern society is facing.

How to lessen the pollution?

Solar panels and electric cars are examples of modern innovation motivated by environmental concerns. Solar panels are an environmentally friendly, renewable energy source. They are a non-polluting alternative to traditional energy generation. They are also a feasible solution for drastically reducing the requirement for power plants. Solar capacity expansion eliminates the need for polluting power plants. When it comes to lowering your carbon footprint, solar panels are just one choice. Another option is to drive an electric automobile or to support firms that are decreasing their carbon footprints.

Solar power is a renewable source of energy. Solar energy is created by harnessing the world's most abundant energy source: the sun. A total of 173,000 terawatts (trillions of watts) of solar energy strikes the Earth continuously. That's more than 10,000 times the world's total energy use. Furthermore, the sun is an unlimited source of energy that may be used repeatedly.

Solar Power and we

By investing in solar panels, you can lessen your environmental effect. You'll save money while also helping to keep Pakistan healthy. You enjoy being surrounded by crisp, cool air, and that air appreciates solar electricity. On individual level we need to use energy on sustainable rate, so the future generations can also enjoy it.

Solar cells

A solar cell, also called as a photovoltaic cell, is an electrical device that uses the photovoltaic effect, a physical and chemical phenomenon, to convert light energy directly into electricity. It's a type of photoelectric cell, which is defined as a device with electrical characteristics such as current, voltage, or resistance that change when exposed to light. To generate electric power, light shining on the solar cell creates both a current and a voltage. This procedure needs two things: first, a material in which light absorption raises an electron's energy state, and second, the transfer of that higher energy electron from the solar cell onto an external circuit. After dissipating its energy in the external circuit, the electron returns to the solar cell.

Crystalline silicon is the mostly used photovoltaic material and the long-term market leader because it is abundant, non-toxic, and low-cost, and it enables for the manufacture of cells with high and consistent conversion efficiency. Single crystals, crystalline, and amorphous semiconductors can all be used to make solar cells. Solar cells built of silicon now offer a high efficiency, low cost, and extended lifetime combination.

Solar cells, unlike batteries or fuel cells, do not use chemical reactions or require fuel to generate electricity, and they do not have any moving parts, unlike electric generators.

Solar panels, which are typically made up of arrays of photovoltaic cells, harness the sun's energy to generate electricity for our everyday needs. Solar panels are environmentally good because they capture solar energy, which is abundant on our planet.

There are a number of strategies to raise the efficiency of PV cells, all of which come at a cost. Reduce the quantity of semiconductor impurities and crystal structural deformations, for example. A more efficient semiconducting semiconductor, such as Gallium Arsenide, is another option. Gallium arsenide has an ideal bandgap of 1.4 electron volts, which allows for a greater amount of the Sun's energy to be harvested, but its considerably rarer and more expensive than silicon.

P-n junctions, or many layers of semiconductor material, can also be employed to boost cell efficiency. Solar cells and panels are known to lose efficiency with time, producing less energy each year. This is caused by several variables, including UV exposure and weather patterns. According to research the median rate of degradation is 0.5 percent each year.

Solar technology has advanced in leaps and bounds in recent years, with improved solar cell efficiency, higher power production, and overall better quality.

Sun is the efficient source of electricity

As civilization progresses, the demand for energy grows, resulting to the exploitation of numerous conventional energy sources. Nonrenewable energy sources also contribute to greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental harm. Promotion of the development and deployment of green technology is required to limit and minimize environmental degradation. The sun produces more than enough energy to meet the entire world's energy needs, yet unlike fossil fuels, it will never run out. Solar power's main constraint as a renewable energy source is our capacity to convert sunlight into electricity in an efficient and cost-effective manner. Solar, wind, biomass, hydro, and all other renewable energy sources that do not pollute the environment while in use must be adopted and used to replace all conventional energy sources. Solar energy is a broad, abundant, cost-free, and environmentally friendly renewable energy source. Because solar radiation is a very abundant, clean, cost-free, and unlimited source of energy, it has the greatest promise for green technologies. A photovoltaic cell, often known as a solar cell, is used to convert solar energy into electrical energy. Solar cells are made up of silicon-like semiconductors, and a PV solar panel is made up of a large number of solar cells. PV systems are classified into several categories. • Grid tied or grid Direct PV System• Off Grid PV SystemGrid tied or grid-direct PV systemThis is a simple solar system with a grid-tied inverter. There is no battery bank for storage in a grid-connected solar PV system. Only during the daylight power maybe generated and used from a grid-tied system. This system is extremely cost-effective, easy to construct, manage, and requires minimal maintenance. Solar panels typically produce more electricity than the loads require. As a result, instead of storing the excess electricity in the batteries, it can be returned to the grid. Levelized cost of energy of system can be reduced and extra revenue also generated by marketing excess generated power by solar panel. The main disadvantage of grid direct system is it can only be used during daytime. Power cannot be saved for power outages and other condition like cloudy weather. This drawback can be overcome by using battery bank to store the power, but it increases the overall system cost.Standalone/off grid solar PV systemOff grid facilitate those customers who are unable to connect their load to the grid. In this system batteries used to store electricity which can be used during daytime and in emergency case. The advantage of this system is that it gives enough energy to household and is used to run the power system which are far from grid source. It is more expensive and costly than direct grid system due to more components.


Solar Engineer Career Opportunity


Solar Engineer Career Opportunity 

Nawal Khan Solar Energy Solutions is hiring for a Solar Engineer having bachelor or master degree in electrical engineering with minimum 5 years of experience in solar system designing and installation.
Toapply Send your CV at

Job location 

Apply Before 30-Jun-2022
0300 111 5773

Replacing coal with renewables to result in $78 trillion gain by end of century, IMF says

Replacing coal with renewables to result in $78 trillion gain by end of century, IMF says